- Producing electricity
The usual solar panel systems are made up of photo-voltaic cells that collect and gather light from the sun. Thereafter, it converts solar energy into usable electricity. This process is called photoelectric effect, which is made possible using special materials called semiconductors.
Solar panel systems became popular because of advancements in the quality of materials used in solar technology and improved panel design.As a result, solar panels became cheaper and more commercially appealing. Today, most homes favor solar power systems as backup power sources over the conventional backup generators.
- Treating waste water
Solar panel systems can be used for the waste water treatment of brackish or saline water. The process is called solar distillation.
A mining town in Las Salinas, Chile houses the first large-scale solar distillation plant that was ever constructed. The plant can distill about 22,700 liters of wastewater each day.
- Heating water
One of the features of a solar panel system is that it also collects sunlight to harness its heat energy. Concentrating the sunlight onto a heat-conducting container would raise its temperature such that it will be able to heat water. These are called solar water heaters.
- The greenhouse effect
Greenhouses are very popular in the agriculture and horticulture industries. Solar panel systems can be setup in tandem with thermal masses to create a greenhouse effect that will improve plant growth and productivity.
Aside from increasing the growth of plants and fruits, the greenhouse effect can also be used to dry farm goods such as coffee beans, marigold and other crops. There are countries that actually use the greenhouse effect to dry up chicken manure for use as fertilizer.
- For cooking
Solar panel systems can also be used for cooking food, as well as drying and pasteurization. Panel cookers are one of three categories that use solar panels for cooking. Using a reflective panel, sunlight is directed to insulated containers. Typical cooking temperatures of about 315 degrees Celsius are possible with this setup.
The only problem with this system is that direct sunlight is required to achieve the right cooking temperature. Also, the panels must be re-positioned as necessary as possible to keep track of the sunlight’s position.
Setting up solar panel systems will give you the opportunity to save money from all of these applications and uses. Not only will the system be environment-safe, but it will also serve as a backup power just in case you need one. Get more details here